San Antonio Water System, Texas

Population (Year): 2000000  (2023)

The San Antonio Water System (SAWS), located in Texas, faces several infrastructure challenges in providing clean and reliable water to its customers. One of the main challenges is the aging water infrastructure that requires significant investment to ensure its continued reliability and effectiveness. The water utility also faces challenges in managing the increasing water demands due to population growth and climate change. Additionally, SAWS needs to invest in improving its water treatment and distribution system to reduce leaks and spills and to ensure that it meets regulatory standards for environmental protection. Despite these challenges, SAWS is committed to providing its customers efficient and sustainable water services through targeted investments and strategic planning.

Sample Highlights from the Capital Improvement Plan

Project ID

Project Title

Project Start Year

Project Description

Project Spend Total

Page Ref

Project Satus


Water Delivery Overhead


“SAWS overhead costs cover the direct costs associated with SAWS personnel that manage and support CIP projects during the capitalizable phases of the project. The overhead costs were calculated primarily using the capitalized costs from staff time charged using the CIP Time Tracker on an annualized basis and analyzing the remaining 2022 and prior year CIP projects and the future 2023 CIP projects Overhead costs are applied to SAWS personnel costs in order to capture direct incremental costs associated with SAWS
personnel that support the development and construction of CIP projects.”





JBSA – Lackland Sewer Main Project


This project involves sewer main rehabilitation, called “conversion rehabilitation”, to the existing 54-inch sewer main located within JBSA-Lackland. The total length is approximately 11.3 miles of main, and there are 191 manholes included in the project. Following the rehabilitation, the ownership of the wastewater assets located in JBSA-Lackland will be transferred from SAWS to the US Air Force. As described in the Memorandum of Agreement entered into by SAWS and the US Air Force and following the completion of the W-6 Upper Segment project, SAWS has agreed to make necessary rehabilitation to the existing main. The specific rehab methods are to be recommended by the Air Force’s Engineer and are necessary for the Air Force to rehabilitate the existing main.





Main Replacements – Sewer – SAWS Crews


Replacement of sewer mains by SAWS crews. When failures in the sewer system are encountered, SAWS crews determine the best method to restore service. When portions of the system must be replaced, the project is evaluated to determine if SAWS crews or contractors will be the most effective or efficient means to complete the replacement. The replacement work is necessary to restore service and is required to comply with the EPA Consent Decree.





“SMC WRC Secondary Treatment Expansion and Blower Improvements (Package A)”


The purpose of this project is to improve the capacity of the existing secondary treatment area. This project package includes the replacement of the five existing positive displacement blowers at SMCWRC which are in poor condition with five new single stage centrifugal blowers, and to upgrade the blower controls for improved energy efficiency. The new blowers, tentatively each at 39,000 standard cubic feet per minute (scfm) and 2500 horsepower, will be installed in the existing blower building and must provide a firm capacity of at least 153,000 scfm to meet the 2050 max day demand. This project includes a study to analyze and develop a strategy for optimizing the blower and aeration system. The results from this study will provide the best course of action when installing the new blower and aeration systems The aeration process currently consists of five blowers that can produce approximately 152,000 SCFM firm capacity. The future aeration requirements slightly exceed the current installed capacity of the blowers. A higher efficiency blower and aeration system will lower power consumption and increase the effectiveness of the aeration basins.





JBSA Bldg. 356 Chiller Replacement


Remove the existing 27-year-old centrifugal chiller and associated infrastructure and replace with a new energy efficient chiller with variable frequency drive (VFD) technology. As part of this project, the existing chilled water and condenser pumps will also be replaced and equipped with VFDs The building 356 Chilled Water Plant supplies chilled water to critical Port San Antonio facilities including Boeing, Chromalloy, and Standard Aero. Chiller #1 is past its useful life and if it were to fail during a high demand scenario, it is likely that the plant would be unable to adequately provide cooling to these facilities. According to the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE), the estimated useful life of centrifugal chillers is 25 years. Historically SAWS has experienced failures of chillers in service past their recommended useful life.




Explore all options available to you!

Citylitics offers access to over 30,000 unique locations across North America through our Capital Projects Dashboard (CPD).

Capital Projects Dashboard (CPD) provides a comprehensive market view of all planned infrastructure spend in one single view with powerful filters such as: population, project value, fiscal year, project status, project description, geography, and more. The dashboard will help identify opportunity hot spots, create data-driven forecasts you can be confident in with bottom-up data for the next 5 years of planned infrastructure spend, and uncover true market needs.

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How to Read a Capital Improvement Plan (CIP) for Business Development?

When a city, municipality or state issues a Capital Improvement Plan (CIP),  it can be overwhelming and daunting, but there are a few key things you need to investigate. Let’s start with the definition of CIP – A Capital Improvement Plan (CIP) contains all the individual capital projects, equipment purchases, and major studies for a local government; in conjunction with construction and completion schedules, and in consort with financing plans. The plan provides a working blueprint for sustaining and improving the community’s infrastructures. It coordinates strategic planning, financial capacity, and physical development. A CIP stands at the epicenter of a government’s Planning, Public Works, and Finance departments. When a CIP is issued, it typically includes the following information:

  1. A listing of the capital projects or equipment to be purchased
  2. The projects ranked in order of preference
  3. The plan for financing the projects
  4. A timetable for the construction or completion of the project
  5. Justification for the project
  6. Explanation of expenses for the project
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Now, for business development, while the capital plan is interesting, the capital program is for capital expenditures that extends five to ten years beyond the capital budget.  Knowing the difference is important so you can influence upcoming program versus just responding to an RFP. If reading the CIP makes your head explode, or you want to save time, Request a Demo of Citylitics CIP dashboard with over 20,000 CIPs from USA and Canada. Citylitics has 20,000 plus available CIPs, how can we help you? What states, cities or counties are you looking to improvement your business development, we can assist you in influencing an upcoming RFP versus simply responding to an RFP. Citylitics Capital Projects Dataset is a comprehensive resource for businesses and organizations looking to track and analyze planned infrastructure spend in their area. The dataset offers a range of features and benefits, including:

  1. Comprehensive Market View: The dataset provides a single view of all planned infrastructure spend, with powerful filters such as population, project value, fiscal year, project status, project description, geography, and more. This allows businesses to gain a comprehensive understanding of the market and identify new opportunities.
  2. Identify Opportunity Hot Spots: The dataset offers map views and filters that allow users to identify opportunity hot spots where they need to allocate resources. This helps businesses to understand where they should focus their efforts to achieve the best results.
  3. Create Data-Driven Forecasts: The dataset provides bottom-up data for the next 5 years of planned infrastructure spend, allowing businesses to create data-driven forecasts they can be confident in.
  4. Uncover True Market Needs: The dataset allows businesses to develop long-term business plans, R&D, and growth initiatives based on true, bottom-up market needs instead of opinions and anecdotes. This helps businesses to make more informed decisions and achieve better results.

With Citylitics Capital Projects Dataset, businesses can gain a deeper understanding of planned infrastructure spend in their area, which can help them to identify new opportunities and make more informed decisions.